Group 1 (age 5-8, beginner and walk ins)
Students will work with:
-Sanding blocks and woodworking clamps
-Hammers, nails, screwdrivers
-Power hand drills
-Japanese pull saws
-Various natural wood finish, paint or oil pastels for decoration
Project Ideas and Examples
1. A butter knife with case
Students use thin pieces of hard wood to measure the length of the blade. They use a pull saw to cut its length and angle the blade. They then use a sureform to shape the blade further finishing it with sanding paper to make it smooth. The handle is cut out of a tree branch and a slit for the blade is made using the saw. Once the blade is inserted into the slit, a hole is drilled using a hand drill through he handle and the blade and a dowel or a screw is put in using either a hammer or a screwdriver. The handle and the blade can also be reinforced using wood glue on the inside. The case is made by measuring two pieces of thin wood to the length of the blade and drilling holes in both pieces and attaching them together with twine so that the blade can slide in.
Students measure 4 pieces out which frame will be made. Two sides are smaller and two sides are bigger. The pieces are attached together by nails or screws making pilot holes with a hand drill first. Students then decide how many rows of beads their abacus has and mark the holes making sure they are on the same height on both sides. The holes are then drilled using a hand drill and matching the drill bit to make sure the dowel sticks will fit there snug. The dowel is then inserted into one side and is driven in using a hammer tapping it lightly to get it to move inside of the frame and into the second hole. Before the dowel goes inside the second hole the beads are placed one by one on to the stick. The finished abacus is then painted with paint or colored with oil pastels.
3. Key holder and mail holder
Students take a piece of board and measure and mark the locations for the key hooks, the mail holder and the vase holder. They cut thin pieces of wood to the sizes they measured to make the mail holder. They use screws by first making pilot holes with the hand drill and using a screwdriver to attach the two back pieces of
the mail holder. They then make pilot holes in the thin pieces of the front to attach them to the two back pieces using hammer and nails. The bottom piece is also nailed to the mail holder. The three holes for the hooks are drilled and the hooks are screwed in. Students first shape the wood in a semicircle by using a pull saw and then a sureform and use screws to attach them to the base for a vase holder. A natural wood finish, paint or oil pastels can be used for decoration.
4. Bird feeder
Students measure out the base and sides and the roof parts. They use a Japanese pull saw to cut the pieces to the measured length. All the pieces are sanded. The piece that holds the roof is cut at an angle on both sides using a pull saw. Kids use a hammer with nails to attach the thinner pieces and screws to attach the middle piece to the base. They use a drill to make pilot holes for the screws. A string is attached to the top to hang the bird feeder. Kids use mineral oil to protect the wood from weather damage. It can also be decorated using oil pastels.
5. Step stool
Students use 2 by 4s to measure two longer base pieces for the steps and two shorter base pieces for the top step. Students use a saw to cut the pieces they measured. They then measure out the top step board pieces, which are then cut with a pull saw. When all the pieces are prepared students use a drill to make pilot holes for the screws and then use a screwdriver to attach the step pieces to the bases. They then measure out two long pieces to reinforce the steps and attach them with screws.
6. A chair/ small bench
Students measure the board pieces for the seat and the back. The seat is made from 2 connected boards. Students learn how to use thin boards on the back of the seat to hold the two boards together. They measure out the two thin boards for the reinforcements. The two boards for the seat are attached by the thin pieces by making pilot holes with the drill and attaching them with nails. The leg pieces are then measured. The seat and the back are attached with screws. Students then use thin pieces of wood and measure them out to the length between the chair legs to reinforce them. They use screws to attach them. Natural wood finish and lacquer is used to cover the finished chair.
7. A bow and arrow
Students use thin pieces of wood and measure them out, one for the middle part of the boa and two equal pieces for the sides. The pieces are attached using screws. The base is then measured and attached with screws to the arch. Two screw eyes are screwed in using a drill to make pilot holes on each side of the arch. A rubber
band is stretched between the screw eyes. Arrows are made from long dowel sticks with arrowheads made out of balsa wood and shaped using a pull saw, sureform and then sanding block. Various decorations such as feathers attached to a bow are made at the end.